Green Revolution refers to a significant increase in the volume of agricultural production and productivity through adoption of better quality seeds, chemical fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides and assured irrigation facilities during a short period of time. During mid-sixties this HYV technology was adopted in the Indian agriculture to boost up production of food grains.
This new agricultural development strategy was first sponsored by the Ford Foundation and it was selectively implemented in 16 agriculturally developed districts. This programme was first known as Intensive Agricultural Development Programme (IADP). The IADP was modified in the year 1964-65 and a new scheme Intensive Agricultural Area Programme (IAAP) was implemented. The basic ingredients of the new strategy are:
(i) High Yielding Variety seeds
(ii) Chemical fertilizers
(v) Assured irrigation facilities and
(vi) Better cultural practices.
The programme has been considerably modified with the passage of time and now the dry areas and the hilly areas have now been covered under the new agricultural strategy.
The Green Revolution Essay
989 Words4 Pages
Broad Topic: The Green Revolution
Narrowed Topic: Pesticides and the Green Revolution: The impact on the environment and counter- measures. The green revolution technology phenomenon started in Mexico over sixty years ago. The technology which is still relevant today has, forever changed the way agriculture is conducted worldwide. According to Wilson (2005), green revolution technology “involved using high-yielding varieties (HYV) of seeds, pesticides and fertilizers in addition to irrigation” (para. 4). The technology was used mainly to boost the production of wheat and rice, so that developing countries could keep up with the growing demand of their rising population. The process has led to significant increase in…show more content…
One of the most worrying concerns for farmers associated with green revolution farming is probably the health risk, associated with prolonged exposure to pesticides. Wilson (2005) cited Wilson and Tisdell (2001), calls our readers’ attention to the fact that “insecticides are the most frequently used pesticides and are known to be toxic to humans, wildlife and the environment” (para.6). Toxic residue adds up over the years and can lead to long term and short term, chronic illnesses and life long complications and is even known to cause death. Furthermore, farmers who get ill from exposure to pesticides often suffer from, headaches, skin rashes, nausea, twitching of muscles, chest pains and a host of other illnesses. This has led to various stakeholders amplifying the need, for a new approach to pesticides usage. Shaebecoff (1983) highlighted the challenges of enforcing safety regulations in regards to the use and banning of pesticides, while Tillman (1998) called for the need of high-intensity agriculture with fewer environmental costs. However, established pesticide regulatory levels for intentional and unintentional presence of pesticides, are often not enforce, and where there are enforcement, fines for breaches are usually negligible. Regulations or not, it is imperative that farmers take some ownership of their own health, and employ every precautionary