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Dengue Essay In Pakistan

What is Dengue? ڈینگی بخار

Dengue fever is a viral disease spreads by dengue virus (DEN), the virus family is Flavivirids. The virus is able to nourish the human body and a female mosquito bites transmits the dengue virus into human.

Dengue Virus Symptoms – ڈینگی بخار ، علامات

Early diagnosis of dengue is required to properly control these complications, which could save the lives of patients. An wave of dengue virus infection consists of three stages.

Early Symptoms of Dengue Fever

  1. High fever with dehydration.
  2. Dehydration is the process in the body (dehydration) is introduced.
  3. Hemorrhagic Bleeding – Bleeding in mucus and from the nose, bleeding in women’s vagina started.

 

Dengue Fever Vaccination

 

 

Severe Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Cough is the sign of severe dengue phase indicator. Your doctor could recommend lung X-Ray Pi or Bi to demonstrate expansion of the lungs. Doctor starts Intravenous therapy with Normal Saline Drips of patients so that the water in body is balanced.

The Patient’s Health Maintenance Phase

Regular heartbeat starts and blood pressure is normal. If the patient get extra Intravenous Fluids then cough and swelling in hands and feet appears, Pulmonary Oedema or Congestive Heart Failure (the heart and lung function reduction) is a sign.

So doctors recommend medication to control it, Throat wheezing, cough and difficulty in breathing are complicated symptoms of dengue fever. The proportion of white blood cells has become a normal level. Dengue virus infection or symptoms of dengue disease are divided in three stages.

Dengue Fever Treatment In Urdu

Dengue Fever Symptoms

Dengue Fever Symptoms

Dengue Fever Symptoms

Dengue Fever Symptoms

Initial Symptoms of Dengue Fever:

Reduction of water in the body, severe fever (fever, severe speech impediment in that language), looks down, dizziness. Symptoms in children include neck stiffness.

Secondary Symptoms of Dengue Fever:

Plasma Leakage, and visual problems, loss of appetite

Dengue Fever Severity

The severity of the dengue fever depends on what stage dengue is diagnosed. Doctor’s expertise and the right medication at the right time to put the patient to determine the amount of Intravenous fluid. Doctors can advice you following blood tests

  1. LFTs  Liver Function Tests, Sugar Blood Glucose Test,
  2. Renal Parameters Such As Creatinine, Urea
  3. Kidney function tests: Electrolytes – Sodium, Potassium, Calcium Etc.

The results of laboratory tests and physical condition of patient tells doctors the route of medication for dengue and dengue treatment. In case of Severe Plasma Leakage of the tissues in the blood of excess flows to correct medication should be given immediately.

Assessment of Intravenous Fluid in the Treatment of Dengue Fever

Intravenous Fluid in cases of dengue fever treatment is very important, since early diagnosis in patients leads to intravenous treatment in which RINGERS / LACTATED RINGERS SOLUTION, or 0.9% Normal Saline as Intravenous Fluid or both as is. Intravenous Fluid. 2-3ml/kg/hour also be required, and keeping symptoms in mind, Intravenous Fluid dosage can be increased as 7-10ml/kg/hour. For Children Intravenous Fluid intake and urine volume was determined by their body weight.

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Dengue Fever ka Ilaj

ڈینگی بخار ، علامات، علاج اور معلومات

Dengue Symptoms and Dengue Treatment

Dengue Fever Symptoms

Dengue Symptoms and Dengue Treatment

Dengue Treatment

Dengue Symptoms and Dengue Treatment

Dengue Symptoms

Dengue Symptoms

 

Dengue Symptoms

Dengue Symptoms

 

Dengue Fever In Pakistan

Dengue fever creates a lot of pain just paracetamol (low dose) is given, (NSAIDs) group of drugs, Ibuprofen (brufen) and Asprin / Disprin is avoided because using these medicines Gastritis and intestinal blood flow risk is increased.

Severe Dengue Fever Symptoms

The following symptoms indicate the severity of dengue fever

  1. Severe stomach pain
  2. Cold hands and feet
  3. Black stools
  4. No Urine output since 4-6 hours

If any of these symptoms are observed that the patient should be immediately given medical assistance.

 

Is it True that Dengue is a life threatening disease?

  1. Hemorrhagic Complications of dengue fever is very risky, Hemorrhagic Complications in various organs, bleeding from several parts inside the body / blood is being lost.
  2. Patient’s saliva, mucus in the lungs, is a sign of blood leakage, blood leakage in the lungs of dengue fever patients may have difficulty in breathing.
  3. Reduction in liver or kidney function should be administrated in dengue fever patients.
  4. Intestinal ulcers can also be a complication after dengue fever.
  5. Reduction in blood pressure or heart attacks may also occurs in dengue fever patients.

Dengue Fever Post Treatment Advice

After treatment of dengue fever Don’t take Asprin, mefenamic acid, and NSAIDs group for two months.

  1. Drink 5-10 glasses of water daily
  2. Stay away from Mosquitoes.
  3. Have 10-20 minute daily walk

 

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The current epidemic

The first confirmed outbreak of dengue fever in Pakistan was in 1994, but a sudden rise in cases and the annual epidemic trend first occurred in Karachi in November 2005.

Since 2010, Pakistan has been experiencing an epidemic of dengue fever that has caused 16 580 confirmed cases and 257 deaths in Lahore and nearly 5000 cases and 60 deaths reported from the rest of the country. The three provinces facing the epidemic are Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh.

WHO is providing technical assistance to the Government to combat the epidemic. This includes providing standard guidelines and capacity building in the planning and implementation of prevention and control measures. The three main areas of focus are vector control, case management and community awareness.

Responding to dengue fever

To assist with vector control, WHO entomologists studied the Aedes mosquito in Karachi during the 2005 outbreak. WHO used this information to design Pakistan-specific control interventions.

In 2008, WHO collaborated with the Federal Ministry of Health in drafting a long term plan for merging dengue prevention and control within the malaria control programme.

However, last year, in 2010, there was another sudden rise in cases with more reported cases than from the previous five years together. In response, WHO provided international consultants to advise on a vector control strategy and the clinical management of hospitalized dengue cases.

Plans for implementing the recommended interventions have been developed, but the Government has had to cope with the ongoing impact of Pakistan's worst floods in 2010 and the resulting displacement of populations. This has meant that it has had to address other priorities including polio and cholera outbreaks, along with serious malnutrition. Since June 2011, the activities of the Federal Ministry of Health have been devolved to the provincial level.

Dengue photo essay

Dengue

Dengue fever disease outbreak news, Gloabal Alert and Response, WHO headquarters