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Rondo In D Major K 485 Analysis Essay

The first collection of its kind, Engaging Music: Essays in Music Analysis includes twenty-two selections by highly esteemed contemporary music theorists, sixteen of which were written especially for this volume. Featuring work by such luminaries as Charles Burkhart, Edward T. Cone, Allen Forte, David B. Lewin, and Carl Schachter, the book is an ideal text for undergraduate and graduate courses in form and analysis. It also serves as an invaluable reference for music teachers, students, and musicians.
Opening with an introduction to writing analytical essays, Engaging Music then presents introductory readings that describe analytical approaches to rhythm, meter, and phrase; pitch (twelve-tone music); form in jazz and rock music; and musical ambiguity. The following essays offer exemplary models of analysis that cover a wide range of composers, from the Baroque (Purcell and Bach) and the Classical (Beethoven, Haydn, and Mozart) to the 19th-century (Brahms, Chopin, Schubert, Schumann, and Wagner) and the early 20th-century (Bartok, Schoenberg and Webern). The selections explore a diversity of genres--from opera to music for computer-generated tape--and a variety of analytical approaches, from Schenkerian to feminist. The volume also includes analyses of popular music (from jazz to a Sarah MacLachlan song) and of a relatively recent work by Barbara Kolb. A comprehensive glossary defines terms and concepts that may be unfamiliar to students, and a selected bibliography suggests other appropriate readings. Reflecting the broad spectrum of current interests and perspectives in the field, Engaging Music provides a unique window into the multifaceted world of music theory and analysis."

Rondo D major K. 485

Editor: Ullrich Scheideler
Fingering: Walther Lampe

6.50 €

Urtext Edition, paperbound
replaces HN 53

Pages: 14 (III, 11), Size 23,5 x 31,0 cm
Order no. HN 895 · ISMN 979-0-2018-0895-6

Level of difficulty (Piano): medium (Level 5)

This Rondo was written around the same time as the Piano Concertos in A major (K. 488) and c minor (K. 491). In the course of the work, a theme from the third movement of the Piano Quartet in g minor (K. 478) is taken up and further developed. In spite of its considerable length and its musical depth the work was apparently not published during the composer’s lifetime. The dedication, “Pour Mad:selle Charlotte de W…” (the rest is indecipherable) is an enigma. No matter which lady Mozart had in mind, this rondo is today one of his best loved and most played piano works. Our single edition follows the musical text in the revised volume of his piano works (HN 22), published in Mozart Year 2006.

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The levels of difficulty of the piano music published by G. Henle Publishers

LevelGradeExample
1easyBach, Notebook for Anna Magdalena Bach, nos. 4 and 5
2Bach, Well-Tempered Clavier I, no. 1 Prelude C major
3Beethoven, Piano Sonatas op. 49,1 and 2
4mediumGrieg, Lyric Pieces op. 12, no. 4
5Schumann, Fantasy Pieces op. 12, no. 1
6Chopin, Nocturnes op. 27, nos. 1 and 2
7difficultBeethoven, Piano Sonata op. 10, no. 3
8Beethoven, Piano Sonata op. 81a
9Schumann, Toccata op. 7

 

Guide to the levels of difficulty
"I don't know what 'difficult' means. Either you can play or you can't" – this was the rather terse comment by the great violinist Nathan Milstein, on being asked about the unbelievable difficulty of Niccolo Paganini's Caprice no. 1.

The relativity of the evaluation of difficulty in music immediately becomes clear. Yet I gladly take up this great challenge, presented to me by G. Henle Publishers. For I am aware of how useful a guide like this can be, both from my own experience as well as that of many colleagues. In particular so as to be able to identify "appropriate" works. For example for music teachers, who teach at very different levels, from beginners to those preparing for music conservatories, but also for all those interested amateurs for whom this guide is intended.

After careful deliberation I have settled on nine levels of difficulty, which I have divided into three groups: 1–3 (easy), 4–6 (medium), 7–9 (difficult). A number of parameters have been considered when assessing the level of difficulty. I have not just looked at the number of fast or slow notes to be played, or the chord sequences; of central importance are also the complexity of the piece's composition, its rhythmic complexities, the difficulty of reading the text for the first time, and last but not least, how easy or difficult it is to understand its musical structure. I have defined "piece" as being the musical unit of a sonata, or a single piece in a cycle, which is why Bach's "Well-Tempered Clavier" Part I comprises a total of 48 levels of difficulty (each prelude and fugue is considered separately), Schumann's Sonata in f sharp minor op.11 only has a single number. My assessment is measured by the ability to prepare a piece for performance. 

While assessing the pieces, it became clear that the medium level of difficulty (4–6) is the trickiest. Now and again this means that a piece is judged as a "3/4", even if it only deserved a "3" as far as piano technique is concerned. An example of such a "borderline" case (easy/medium) is Schumann's "Scenes from Childhood" op. 15 Von fremden Ländern und Menschen or at the other end "6/7" part of Bach's "English Suites". And of course within a main category there are also "from-to" evaluations (e.g. 7/8).

Any evaluation of art or music will always be subjective, even if the aim was to be objective. Despite the fact that I have endeavoured to be as careful as possible, I am all too aware that the results of my work can be called into question, and am therefore grateful for any suggestions you might have.

Prof. Rolf Koenen © 2010